The broken bicycle

forest bike bulls

The mental model of the broken bicycle is from a personal story of mine that identifies conditioning that was instilled while one was younger, triggering automatic responses that are fear-based rather than reason.

Key ideas

  • Be clear about what you have control of
  • Assess emotions to determine what concerns it raises
  • To achieve a more constructive and conducive problem solving environment, re-frame problems and relax constraints when possible

The broken bicycle

We begin with a story.

Almost a year into the pandemic, sometime early in 2021, my family and I took the chance to go outside our bubble and observe how life has continued. Although we were all very anxious about being outside, we decided that it would be a good decision to still go even just once, to see how life has progressed for others outside of our bubble.

We went to a nearby open-area near the bay of our city to walk, jog, and exercise while maintaining social distancing. We brought along a bicycle as well.

After watching the crowd of people go about their own exercises and observing the protocols that people had in place, we decided to start riding the bike in one of the open lanes. On my turn to ride the bicycle, I observed the options that I can play with on the bike. There were two controls on the gears (likely the front and the back) which I could toggle using my left and my right fingers near my grip.

This reminded me of my childhood where I first learned how to ride a bike, and when I used to play with my cousins.

As I played around with the gears, the bicycle chain suddenly got dislodged and there was that sudden lack of response from any pedaling that I did. Waves of emotions suddenly poured in:

  • “You broke the bicycle. You did a bad thing.”
  • “You should be embarrassed.”
  • “You broke the bicycle, now nobody can ride it.”
  • “You didn’t know how to fix this problem, and you still don’t know how.”

I immediately stopped and stood up from the bicycle having realized I broke it, and paused to analyze all of the feelings pouring in. The phrases were unnatural; I know how vigilant I am about speaking to myself in this way. What surprised me the most was that they were all very prompt and didn’t lack a beat when the bicycle broke. They simply just gushed in.

I talked about having a healthy mindset briefly in the mental model The Mountain, and this mental model talks about that as well.

As I took control and observed what I felt and where they came from, I realized that it was coming from a childlike innocence that was harshly reprimanded inappropriately. I was literally enjoying myself riding a bike, being curious, and playing with the gears. When I broke the bicycle, this aggressive and reprimanding voice boomed throughout my consciousness.

After realizing how my childlike play was questioned, I let my young adult self speak up:

  • Yes I broke the bicycle, but that isn’t a bad thing. I’ve allowed myself to be curious, which is important to me.
  • No. I don’t need to be embarrassed. It is okay to make mistakes, to break things, to be curious.
  • Yes, I broke the bicycle, and yes nobody can ride it right now, until it is fixed.
  • Yes, I didn’t know how to solve the problem when I was younger, and I still don’t know how to fix it right now… but in work, in relationships, and in family, I solve way bigger problems than a broken bicycle. I know how to solve problems.

So I rewired how I framed the situation from:

  • “Darren did a bad thing and broke the bike, so he needs to feel pressured to quickly fix this before he embarrasses himself further”


  • A new quest/adventure popped up: the bike you are tinkering with is now broken. You must now learn what the problem is, and how to solve it. Note: This problem looks like it doesn’t need any additional tools.

In that scenario, the ‘time pressure’ to solve the problem before somebody finds out what I did wrong disappeared. In fact, I didn’t even need to feel pressured to fix the bike because the people around me (my family) would naturally understand if I couldn’t fix the bike. We could simply just get somebody else to fix it if I couldn’t.

There really wasn’t any huge problem; only immediate click-whirrs that triggered conditioning that was dormant in my past experiences.

And so I got my hands dirty with the oiled up chain, pulling and aligning the chain until the pedal finally started moving the bike tires correctly.


If you noticed in my story above, my subconscious threw rapid punches as soon as the bicycle broke:

  • “You broke the bicycle. You did a bad thing.”
  • “You should be embarrassed.”
  • “You broke the bicycle, now nobody can ride it.”
  • “You didn’t know how to fix this problem, and you still don’t know how.”

A lot of the concerns raised were external forces that were applying pressure to me:

  • “You did a bad thing” – This statement presupposes that the definition of “good” and “bad” are defined externally; this is common experience with children because they still lack a wider base knowledge of the world, so they look to their parents and their peers to figure out what “good” and “bad” is. However, I am already an adult, and the privilege and responsibility of determining and understanding good and bad lies in my own hands, not somebody else’s.
  • “You should be embarrassed” – This statement is also rooted in defining what is socially acceptable and not. Expanding this statement would arrive at “You should be embarrassed when you make mistakes” which is a sentence I grew up becoming familiar to, but have long since recognized that I no longer believe. I believe that strong leaders and mentors afford their diligent pupils the space to make mistakes of their own so that they can learn. Embarrassment only becomes a distraction to the lessons that they should be paying attention to. The quicker we can recognize truthfully and openly what mistakes we make, the quicker we can give constructive feedback and grow.
  • “Now nobody can ride it” – This statement again is external pressure that leans on my restriction of access to a shared resource (the bike). However, this statement is flawed as it has the undertones of permanence (i.e. that the bike will be forever unusable). This is why I rephrased it as “Now nobody can ride it until it is fixed”. Insidious statements that leave things to ambiguity should be quickly recognized and rephrased, otherwise their harmful meaning can go unnoticed.
  • “You didn’t know how to fix this problem, and you still don’t know how.” – This statement is true. However, it is not true forever. In fact, I believe in myself well enough to know that I only need time to overcome this, or any obstacle.
a girl playing with her toys
We look to our parents and society, to figure out ‘good’ and ‘bad’.
Photo by cottonbro on

As you can observe, majority of the triggered emotional pressures come from external pressures, and things that I don’t have control of (people’s opinions on good and bad, society’s conditioning to be embarrassed when making mistakes, an imaginary set of people demanding access to a bike that I broke).

With the proper mindset, we can draw our attention back to what we can control and away from external pressures that often times we do not have control of. We then reinterpret the situation from the inside, our beliefs and actions moving outward, affecting and influencing things incrementally.

  • I define and take responsibility for my definition of what good and bad is.
  • As a leader and a teacher, I afford my students space to make mistakes and learn. As a student (with myself as my own teacher), I afford the same.
  • I dispel the imaginary social pressure (of people wanting to ride the bike while it is broken) when it does not exist. This problem can be solved once the situation calls for it, but that is not now.
  • I believe that I can solve problems.

Other reading materials

Joey from Better Ideas talks about Locus of Control, which is the degree to which people believe that they (as opposed to external forces) have control over the outcome of events in their lives (Wikipedia definition).

One trait that successful people seem to share more often than unsuccessful people, and I can’t help but think that there is a strong correlation between having that belief and having success in life. And that is, that successful people tend to have an internal locus of control and less successful people have an external one.

Joey from Better Ideas talks about the mindset that is changing his life

COVID-19 Pandemic

I hope you enjoyed this blog post as much as I did in experiencing and writing it.

I think that becoming more thoughtful about what we do have control over (our perspectives and mindsets, our collective power to elect reliable and strong government leaders) and what we do not have control over (nation-level spreading of the virus, supply of vaccines) will lead us to become more effective in managing our resources (energy, attention, patience, courage).

In some of the clubhouse rooms that I’ve attended to (specifically the Sinigang Valley rooms, which talk about building up the tech space in Makati, Poblacion), I shared my personal views on re-framing the great dissatisfaction of the Filipinos as a great untapped potential energy lying in the Filipino people.

We’ve long wanted to have good reliable and accountable leaders, and I think that tech is in a position to build out systems of openness, reliability, and collaboration that can leverage that potential energy into something that effectively transforms movement of masses into an Overwatch on our officials and government projects, or enables our masses to participate in analyzing public government data.

If any of these kinds of conversations interest you, hit me up on Twitter.

Stay safe, always.

2 responses to “The broken bicycle”

  1. Jun Mendoza Avatar
    Jun Mendoza

    this is good Darren. keep it up.

    1. darrensapalo Avatar

      Hi Tito Jun!

      Thank you very much for your kind words. I feel encouraged to continue writing. God bless you and the family always. Stay safe!

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